Vocabulário Básico

brother / sisterirmão / irmã
boy / girlmenino / menina
boyfriend / girlfriendnamorado / namorada
brother-in-law / sister-in-lawcunhado / cunhada
child (pl.: children)criança = kids
couplecasal
cousinprimo, prima
darlingquerido, querida; pessoa querida = sweetheart
familyfamília; family gathering = reunião de família
father / motherpai / mãe
father-in-law / mother-in-lawsogro / sogra
friendamigo, amiga
gentleman; gentsenhor educado, cavalheiro = a man of good family, breeding, or social position
girl / girlfriendmenina / namorada
grandfather / grandmother / grandparentsavô / avó / avós (pl.)
grandson / granddaughter / grandchildrenneto / neta / netos (pl.)
husband / wifeesposo, marido / esposa, mulher
ladysenhora educada = a woman who behaves in a polite way
man (pl. men)homem
marriage / marry (to)casamento (instituição) = the state or relationship of being married; civil marriage = casamento civil / casar
nephew / niecesobrinho / sobrinha
parentspais
relationparente = relative; near relation, close relation = parente próximo; distant relation = parente distante; "is he a relation of yours? = é seu parente?"
relativeparente = relation; near relative, close relative = parente próximo; distant relative = parente distante
son / daughterfilho / filha
son-in-law / daughter-in-lawgenro / nora
twingêmeo, gêmeos = either one of two babies that are born at the same time to the same mother
uncle / aunttio / tia
weddingcasamento (cerimônia) = a ceremony at which two people are married to each other; wedding anniversary = aniversário de casamento; silver wedding anniversary = bodas de prata; golden wedding anniversary = bodas de ouro
woman (pl. women)mulher

Vocabulário Complementar

brethren (pl. especial de brother)irmãos (sociedade, igreja, etc) = used chiefly in formal or solemn address or in referring to the members of a profession, society, or sect
bridegroom / bridenoivo (na hora do casamento) = a newly married man or one about to be married / noiva (na hora do casamento) = a newly married woman or one about to be married
broodprole
childhoodinfância = infancy
engagednoivo, noiva = pledged to be married; fiancé, fiancée; engaged couple = casal de noivos
estranged / estrangementseparado (casal) "he is estranged from his wife" / separação
fiancé / fiancéenoivo = a man engaged to be married; engaged / noiva = a woman engaged to be married; engaged
generationgeração / "he belongs to another generation"
great-grandfather / great-grandmother / great-grandparentsbisavô / bisavó / bisavós
great-grandson / great-granddaughter / great-grandchildrenbisneto / bisneta / bisnetos
kidscrianças = children
maidenmoça solteira; maiden name = nome de solteira; maiden voyage = viagem inaugural
newlywed / newlywedsrecém-casado = a person recently married
siblingirmão, irmã = a person's brother or sister
spousecônjuge
stepfather / stepmotherpadrasto / madrasta
stepson / stepdaughterenteado / enteada
toddlercriança pequena que começa a andar = a young child, usually one between the ages of one and two and a half
widower / widowviuvo, viúva