back (n) / back (adj) / back (to)1) costas; "he hurt his back playing tennis"/ 2) verso; "please read the text on the back of the paper" // 1) traseiro; parte de trás; back door / 2) atrasado; back number = número atrasado (revista) / 3) vencido, pendente; back order = pedido pendente // (adv) - para trás, de volta; to be back = voltar, regressar // 1) apoiar; suportar; to back up = apoiar / 2) recuar
backbonecoluna vertebral = spine; spinal column
background1) prática; experiência / 2) o que está por trás de qualquer coisa; fundo; segundo plano; música de fundo (obs.: contrário é foreground)
backup1) suporte, apoio / 2) reserva
backpackmochila = knapsack, rucksack
backwardatrasado; subdesenvolvido (país, pessoa) / backward country = país atrasado (obs.: oposto é advanced country)
bacontoucinho
bad / worse / worstmau, ruim / pior / o pior
badge1) emblema = a characteristic mark; an emblem awarded for a particular accomplishment; "I read the book - The Red Badge of Courage" / 2) crachá (identificação em empresa, etc)
bagbolsa, sacola = sack
baggagebagagem = luggage; a baggage includes suitcases, bags, backpacks, etc / to check baggage = despachar bagagem
bail / bail (to)fiança (justiça) = money given to a court of law to guarantee that a person released from jail will return at an appointed time; "he has been released on bail" / pagar fiança (para liberar); "her father bailed her out"
bake (to) / bakery / bakercozer, assar = to cook; "my wife bakes delicious pies"/ padaria = baker's shop / padeiro
balance / balance (to)1) equilíbrio; "he lost his balance and fell" // 2) saldo / balance sheet = balanço contábil / balance of payments = balanço de pagamentos / balance of trade = balança comercial // 1) equilibrar / 2) fazer balanço
balconysacada
bald (adj) / baldycalvo, careca / careca, carequinha (informal; pejorativo)
ballbola
ballot / ballot (to)1) cédula; voto = sheet of paper used for voting / ballot box = urna eleitoral // 2) votação = the number of votes cast // votar
ban (to)proibir, interditar
bananabanana
band1) bando, gangue = group of persons; "a band of thieves" // 2) banda = musical group; "there will be three bands playing at the concert" // 3) faixa; fita; tira = a thin strip of material used for binding or tying; strap; "he tied a band of cotton around his arm to stop the bleeding" // 4) frequência; faixa (rádio) = range; "what band is that station on?" / bandwidth = largura de banda, amplitude de faixa // 5) listra = stripe; a stripe of contrasting colour or texture / age band = faixa etária = age group; age range / elastic band = elástico de prender papéis = rubber band
bang / bang (to)pancada, estrondo = a strong, violent blow; "Big Bang" // 1) bater, espancar / 2) bater (porta) com violência = to slam
bank / banking1) banco / banknote = nota (dinheiro), cédula = a piece of paper money, bill / bank account = conta bancária, conta corrente = checking account / bank clerk = bancário / bank rate = taxa desconto bancário / bank statement = extrato de conta / bank teller = caixa / bank transfer = transferência bancária / Federal Reserve Bank = Banco Central // 2) margem (rio, lago) = the rising ground bordering a lake, river or sea /// negócios bancários; operações bancárias
bankrupt (to) / bankrupt (adj) / bankruptcyfalir = to go bankrupt, to become bankrupt, to go bust // falido // falência; to file for bankruptcy = pedir falência, entrar com processo de falência
banquetbanquete = a ceremonial meal for many people; feast
bar / bar (to)1) barra; trave = piece of solid matter; bar of soap; chocolate bar; steel bar; behind bars = atrás das grades // 2) bar, botequim = pub, barroom // 3) tribunal, corpo de advogados, advocacia; bar exam = exame ordem advogados // 4) obstáculo, impedimento // 5) bar graph = bar chart = gráfico de barras / code bar = código de barra // barrar; bloquear; obstruir; to block (a way) with a barrier /
barbecuechurrasco
bare / barefootnu, descoberto = unclothed; exposed / descalço
barely (adv)apenas, dificilmente, mal, quase não; "she could barely see the road through the thick snow"; "she barely passed the test"
bargain / bargain (to)1) pechincha; negócio vantajoso / 2) acordo comercial // pechinchar, negociar
bark / bark (to)1) latido / 2) casca de árvore (obs.: peel = casca de fruta); smooth bark = casca lisa x rough bark = casca áspera, rugosa // latir
barleycevada (Hordeum vulgare)
barman (UK); bartender (US)pessoa que prepara e serve drinks
barnceleiro
barracksquartel / quartel-general = headquarters
barrenárido, inculto (terra), estéril = having very few plants / barren land = região deserta / barren soil = solo árido
barrierbarreira; obstáculo = obstacle, hurdle, hindrance, anything to bar passage; "a language barrier" / to break the barriers = quebrar as barreiras
base / based / baselessbase; fundamento; "to have a small base on the market place" // baseado, localizado; "he is an independent consultant based in London" // sem base; infundado
basementporão, subsolo = floor or story of a building that is partly or completely underground
basilmanjericão (Ocimum basilicum)
basis (pl. = bases)base, fundamento = something that underlies, supports or is essential to something else, especially an abstract idea; foundation / daily basis = diariamente; "I do an hour of exercise on a daily basis" / part-time basis = regime de meio-expediente / on the basis of = com base em
basketcesto, cesta
bat / bat (to)1) morcego / 2) bastão // bater, golpear
batch1) fornada, lote = an amount of something that is made at one time; "we baked two batches of cookies" // 2) em lotes / batch processing = processamento em lotes
bath / bathe (to)banho // tomar banho = to take a bath, to have a bath
bathroombanheiro (casa) = a room containing a bathtub or shower and usually a sink and toilet (obs.: vaso sanitário, privada = toilet, water closet)
batterybateria; pilha
battle / battle (to)batalha, combate, disputa / batalhar, combater
baybaía
be (to); was; beenser, estar; to be a matter of = ser uma questão de; to be able = ser capaz, poder = can; to be acquainted with = conhecer, estar familiarizado com "he is acquainted with the new computers"; to be addicted to = ser viciado em; to be attached = to be enclosed = estar anexo; to be ahead of schedule = estar adiantado (prazo, cronograma); to be aimed at = objetivar, visar, ter como objetivo = to aim; to be amazed at = to be astonished at = estar espantado de; to be assured of = ter certeza de; to be at one's disposal = estar à sua disposição "I'm at your disposal" ; to be at stake = estar em jogo, estar em risco, estar em perigo; to be awake = estar acordado; to be aware of = estar ciente de, estar a par de; to be back = voltar, regressar "to be back later"; to be behind of schedule = estar atrazaso (prazo, cronograma); to be bound for = ter como destino, em direção a, com destino a; "the train is bound for London"; to be bound to = ser obrigado a, estar sujeito a / it's on me! = eu pago!
be (to); was; been (cont.)to be charged of, to be charged with = ser acusado de; "to be charged of (with) a crime"; "to be charged of having committed these crimes"; to be cold = estar com frio; to be composed of, to be comprised of = ser composto de; to be concerned for = estar preocupado com = to be worried about; to be concerned with = estar relacionado com "this book is concerned with Philosophy"; to be doomed to = estar destinado a, estar fadado a; "to be doomed to failure "; to be down = estar triste; estar fora do ar (sistema); to be due (1) = ser esperado (horário) "the train is due at 5:30"; to be due (2) = a vencer, a pagar; "this electric bill is due by the end of the month"; to be engaged to = estar engajado com, estar comprometido com; to be fond of = gostar muito de; to be grateful to (a person) for (something) = estar agradecido por, ser grato por = to appreciate; to be held = ser realizado; "the meeting was held = a reunião foi realizada" ;"the auction will be held = o leilão será realizado"
beachpraia
beakbico (pássaro) = he hard, curved, horny part of a bird's mouth; bill; "an eagle's beak"
beam1) viga; trave = a long piece of wood or metal // 2) raio de luz; feixe de luz = a ray or stream of light / sun beam = raio de sol
beansfeijão
bear (n)urso
bear (to); bore; borne suportar, tolerar = to stand, to endure
beardbarba
bearerportador; mensageiro = carrier
bearing1) conduta, atitude, comportamento = the way in which a person moves, stands, or behaves / 2) rolamento de esfera / 3) época de frutificação / bearing point = ponto de apoio
beastbesta, animal
beautiful / beautybonito, belo, lindo // beleza / beauty parlor = salão de beleza
become (to); became; become1) ficar, tornar-se, transformar; "that client is becoming quite a problem"; "the caterpillar became a moth" / 2) ficar doido, ficar velho, ficar zangado, etc = to become crazy; to become old; to become angry // to become of = acontecer, ser o destino de = to happen to; "what has become of him? = que é feito dele?" / to become aware of = reparar em, saber de / to become outdated = ficar ultrapassado;
bedcama / single bed = cama de solteiro / double bed = cama de casal
bedroomquarto
beeabelha
beef / beefsteakcarne de vaca / corned beef = carne enlatada / roast beef = rosbife, carne assada // bife / rare = mal-passado; medium = ao ponto; well-done = bem passado
beercerveja (genérica); (obs.: ale, porter, stout = tipos de cerveja) / beer on tap; draft beer; draught beer = cerveja de barril, chope
beet; beetrootbeterraba
beetlebesouro
beg (to) / beggarsuplicar, implorar, mendigar, pedir esmola / mendigo
begin (to); began; begun / beginning / beginnercomeçar, iniciar = to start, to commence / começo, início, princípio / principiante
behalfon behalf of = em nome de
behave (to) / behavior; behaviourcomportar-se / comportamento, conduta
Belgium, belgianBélgica, belga
believe (to) / beliefcrer, acreditar, confiar = to trust / crença
bellsino; campainha
bellybarriga, abdômen
belong (to) / belongingspertencer, ser membro de // pertences; "he packed up all his belongings"
belt1) cinto // 2) cinturão, zona; corn = cinturão, zona = an area suited to a particular crop; corn belt, cotton belt, wheat belt
benchbanco (móvel para se sentar)
bend (to); bent; bent / bend (n)dobrar, curvar, fazer uma curva / curva = curve; "a bend in the road"; "dangerous bend"; "sharp bend = curva fechada"
benefit / benefit (to) / beneficiary1) benefício; vantagem / fringe benefits = benefícios extras // 2) capital segurado = amount paid by the insurance company to a claimant // beneficiar-se // beneficiário
berry (pl.: berries)frutinha, baga // ex.: blackberry = amora silvestre / blueberry = mirtilo / cranberry = oxicoco / gooseberry = groselha / mulberry = amora / raspberry = framboesa / strawberry = morango
bestmelhor / best man = padrinho de casamento
bet (to); bet; bet / bet apostar em = to bet on / to place a bet; to lay a bet; to make a bet = fazer uma aposta // aposta
betray (to) / betrayaltrair // traição = treason, treachery
beveragebeverage = bebida (qualquer tipo) = a drinkable liquid; (obs.: drink; liquor = alcoholic beverage)
beware (to) oftomar cuidado, acautelar-se = to be careful; "beware of the dog"
bewilder (to) / bewilderedconfundir, desorientar = to puzzle, to maze // confuso, atordoado, desnorteado = confused, puzzled; "he saw the bewildered look on my face"; "the bewildered child looked for his mother"
bewitch (to) / bewitched
1) enfeitiçar, encantar = to put a spell on; to cast spell on; to affect by witchcraft or magic; "Morgaine bewitched Arthur" / 2) seduzir, cativar = to charm, to fascinate; "she bewitched me with her smile" // enfeitiçado, encantado; "people say he was bewitched"; "bewitched by her smile"
bias [baias] / biased1) linha oblíqua, viés = diagonal line // 2) parcialidade, tendenciosidade, preconceito, propensão, inclinação, tendência = bent, tendency // tendencioso, parcial
Bible / bibleBíblia / referência confiável = a book regarded as authoritative
bicycle; bikebicicleta
bid (to); bade; bidden / bid / bidding / bidder1) mandar; ordenar / 2) fazer uma oferta, fazer uma proposta, licitar // 1) oferta; proposta = proposal / 2) lance (leilão) = offer of a price, amount offered / to make a bid = fazer uma oferta // licitação / bidding system = sistema de licitação // licitante; ofertante (leilão)
biggrande = large in size, height, width, or amount; large / big shot = manda-chuva; chefão = boss
bill / bill (to) / billboard1) conta, fatura = a statement of the money owed for goods or services; "don't forget to pay the electricity bill"; due bills = outstanding bills = contas vencidas, contas pendentes; utilities bills = contas de luz, telefone, etc; / 2) conta de restaurante = check; "waiter, could you please bring me the bill?" / 3) nota, cédula "a twenty-dollar bill" / 4) cartaz, aviso = poster; "the circus posted bills announcing its arrival in the town" / 5) projeto de lei; "the Bill was approved by Congress" / 6) bico (ave) = beak; "the duck caught a fish in its bill" // cobrar = to charge; "the lawyer billed him three hundred dollars for the service" // painel publicitário; outdoor, cartaz = a large panel designed to carry outdoor advertising (obs.: roadside bill = painel de outdoor na estrada)
billionbilhão
bindepósito, caixa, compartimento para guardar coisas = a box or enclosed place used for storage / dust bin = lata de lixo = garbage can, trash can, rubbish bin (UK) / compost bin = caixa de compostagem / harvest bin = cesta de colheita
bind (to); bound; bound 1) atar, amarrar, ligar = to attach; to fasten; to tie; "she bound her hair with a ribbon" / 2) encadernar, enfaixar; "to bind a book in leather" / 3) vincular, obrigar, comprometer; "we are bound by the terms of the contract"; "
binder / bindingpasta; encadernador; three-ring binder = pasta 3 furos // encadernação
BiologyBiologia
birdpássaro (obs.: fowl = ave doméstica ou selvagem = a bird of any kind; poultry = aves domésticas = domesticated birds kept for eggs or meat)
birthnascimento / date of birth = data de nascimento
birthdayaniversário = the anniversary of a birth
biscuitbiscoito (UK) = cookie (US)
bishopbispo (igreja) // bispo (xadrez)
bit1) um pouquinho; um bocadinho = a small piece or quantity; "just a little bit = só um pouquinho"// 2) um momentinho; em pouco tempo = short time = "wait a bit = espere um pouquinho" // pitada; "I added a bit of cinnamon to the recipe"
bitch1) cadela (fêmea do cachorro) = a female dog, wolf or fox; "our cousin wants to mate his bitch with our dog" / 2) puta = a lewd or immoral woman; "that bitch flirts with every man she meets" / son of bitch! = filho da puta!
bizarreesquisito, estranho, bizarro, excêntrico, fora do comum, extravagante = unusual in appearance, style, or character; strange, weird, odd, quaint; "bizarre clothing"; "bizarre behavior"
blackberryamora; amora-silvestre (Rubus spp.) / (obs.: existe outro tipo de amora que é a mulberry do gênero Morus)
blackmail / blackmail (to) / blackmailerchantagem / chantagear / chantagista
blacksmithferreiro
bladderbexiga
bladelâmina = the cutting part of an implement
blame / blame (to)culpa, responsabilidade = responsibility for something that is wrong or deserving censure; fault / "who is to blame? = quem é o culpado?" // culpar, responsabilizar
blandsem sabor; insípido, insosso
blankem branco, vazio, espaço vazio a ser preenchido = not filled in; empty; void / blank sheet = folha em branco / blank page = página em branco / blank check = cheque em branco
blanketcobertor
blast / blast (to)1) explosão / 2) sopro, jato de ar, jato de vapor = a mass of water, gas, heat, etc., that moves very quickly / at full blast = a velocidade máxima, a todo vapor, a toda altura (som) / blast of wind = rajada de vento // explodir
blaze / blaze (to) / blazingchama, labareda, fogueira, incêndio / blaze of anger = acesso de raiva / blaze of glory = coberto de glória // inflamar, queimar, arder // ardente, resplandecente, flamejante, escaldante
blazerblazer, paletó, jaqueta = jacket
bleak1) ermo, desolado, sem vida // 2) desanimador, sombrio; "a bleak outlook = perspectiva sombria"; "dark and bleak winter day = dia escuro e sombrio de inverno"
blend / blend (to)mistura = mixture / misturar = to mix
bless (to) / blessingabençoar / benção
blindcego
blink / blink (to)piscadela / in the blink of an eye = em um piscar de olhos // piscar os olhos involuntariamente / (obs.: to wink = piscar um olho para alguém como sinal, etc)
bliss / blissfulfelicidade extrema = great happiness / feliz, bem-aventurado = happy, merry
blizzardnevasca = a severe snowstorm that goes on for a long time
block / block (to) / blockage1) quarteirão, quadra; "the post office is three blocks in that direction" / 2) bloco; "they used cement blocks for the foundations of the house" // bloquear, impedir, obstruir // bloqueio, obstrução, obstáculo
bloodsangue
bloom / bloom (to)flor, flores (coletivamente); em flor; "the bloom of the cherry tree"; "the gardens are all in bloom" / in full bloom = em plena floração / the bloom of youth = a flor da idade // florir, vicejar; "flowers blooming in the garden"
blossomflor de árvore frutífera; "apple blossoms"; "cherry blossom" // florescer
blot / blot (to)mancha, borrão (de tinta de escrever), nódoa = spot, stain // 1) manchar = to make a blot; "blotted the paper with a spot of ink" / 2) remover (excesso de tinta, etc) = to soak up (excess ink, etc) by using blotting paper or some other absorbent material
blouseblusa
blow (to); blew; blown 1) soprar, ventar; "the winter wind blows from the west"; to blow away = soprar (vento), ser levado pelo vento; / 2) assoar; "he blew his nose"; to blow a fuse = queimar (fusível); to blow out = estourar (pneu); to blow out = apagar (fogo, vela); "she blew out the candles on her birthday cake"; to blow the horn = buzinar = to sound the horn; to honk
blue1) azul / 2) triste, melancólico // blue chip = ação de boa empresa = a stock considered reliable with respect to both dividend income and capital value / blue ribbon = (primeiro prêmio) / blue-collar worker = operário de fábrica (obs.: white-collar worker = empregado de escritório)
blueberrymirtilo
blueprintesquema, planta detalhada = a detailed plan of how to do something
bluff / bluff (to)blefe / blefar
blundererro crasso, gafe, rata, tolice, mancada = stupid mistake; goof
bluntsem corte; cego = not sharp; dull; "a blunt knife"
blur (n) / blur (to) / bluryborrão, mancha // embaçar, borrar, tornar indistinto, obscurecer, manchar, enevoar, turvar = to dim, to make indistinct; "the fog blurred the outline of the car" // embaçado (visão); tremido, desfocado (foto)
blush (to)corar, ruborizar
board (n)1) tábua, prancha = plank; "somebody put a board over the mud so people could walk on it" // 2) quadro (escolar), lousa / blackboard; whiteboard // 3) tabuleiro (jogo) / chess board; checkers board // 4) painel / dashboard = display board = painel de instrumentos / switch board = plug board = painel de controle // 5) conselho, junta / board of directors = diretoria / chairman of the board = presidente do conselho / board meeting = reunião do conselho / Board of Trade = Câmara de Comércio
board (to) / boarding1) embarcar / boarding card = boarding pass = cartão de embarque // 2) fornecer pensão, fornecer refeição / board and lodging = room and board = alojamento e comida; cama e comida // boarding house = pensão
boast (to)gabar-se de, vangloriar-se de, jactar-se, contar vantagem, alardear = to brag; "he liked to boast that he was the richest man in town"
boatbarco
body1) corpo // 2) corporação; member of a body = membro de corpo, membro de uma corporação
boileraquecedor, caldeira
bold1) corajoso, valente= fearless in the face of danger; "bold and daring pilots"; "that was bold of you to go into the burning house to save the cat" / 2) atrevido, insolente = ignoring good manners; "a bold child who always talks back to her parents" / 3) negrito = boldface; in bold = em negrito; "he put the important words in bold"
bolt1) parafuso // 2) trinco, ferrolho = a wood or metal bar or rod used to fasten a door // 3) raio = flash of lightning
bomb / bomb (to)bomba (explosive device) / atomic bomb = bomba atômica / bomb shelter = abrigo antiaéreo // bombardear = to drop bombs
bond1) laço; elo; vínculo / bonds of friendship = laços de amizade // 2) bônus, títulos públicos, obrigações, valores = securities, stock / Bond of Treasury = obrigação do Tesouro
boneosso
bonfirefogueira = a large fire built in the open air; campfire
bonus (pl.: bonuses)bônus, prêmio; bonus share = bonificação (ações)
boo / boo (to)vaia = hiss // vaiar = to hiss, to hoot
book (n)livro / book mark = marcador de livro / book signing = autógrafo de livro / handbook = manual, livro de referência / pocket book = livro de bolso / text book = livro-texto; "this book is sold-out = este livro está esgotado"
book (to) / bookingreservar = to reserve in advance / to book a meeting = marcar uma reunião // reserva = reservations; "bookings doubled = reservas dobraram" / booking office = bilheteria / advance booking = reserva com antecedência
bookcase; bookshelfestante = a set of shelves for books
bookkeeping
escrituração
bookletfolheto; prospecto; brochura = folder; "the booklet on Prague told us which sights to see during the winter"
bookshop; bookstorelivraria
boom / boomingaumento, alta de negócios, alta de ações = rise, increase, period of rapid economic growth / boom and bust cycles = ciclos de crescimento e queda // crescente / booming sales = vendas crescentes
boost / boost (to)aumento, impulso, estímulo; "a boost in food prices" // aumentar; incrementar; impulsionar, estimular, = to lift, to raise, to increase / to boost prices / to boost profits / to boost productivity / to boost revenues / to boost the number of = aumentar o número de
boot1) bota / 2) porta-malas (carro) (UK) = trunk (US)
booth1) cabine / telephone booth = cabine telefônica / voting booth, polling booth = cabine de votação // 2) barraca de feira = a stall or stand (as at a fair) for the sale or exhibition of goods // 3) estande = stall; stand / to stop by a booth = parar num estande
borderfronteira; "border between two countries"
bore (to)1) furar; perfurar = to drill, to pierce, to make a hole with a drill // 2) entediar, chatear = to cause to feel boredom; to tire or make weary by being dull, repetitious, or uninteresting
boredentediado (refers to a feeling that you have when you are not interested in something); "I'm so bored!'; "I'm so bored by their conversation" (obs.: oposto = interested) / lembrete: If you are yawning, you're bored; if everybody else is yawning, you're boring
boredomtédio, enfado = the state of being weary and restless through lack of interest; "the boredom of a long car trip"
boringchato, maçante, entediante (used when you are describing a persons character); "a boring speech (teacher, book, movie, chat, guy)"; "what a boring woman!" (obs.: oposto = interesting)
borrow (to) / borrowing / borrowerpedir emprestado / pedido de empréstimo / pessoa que pede emprestado
boss / bossychefe = big shot; "If you want to take a break, ask the boss" / big boss = chefão, manda-chuva // mandão, autoritário
bother (to) / bother (n)aborrecer, incomodar, preocupar // aborrecimento, incômodo, preocupação, chateação
bottle / bottle (to)garrafa / bottle opener = abridor de garrafa / thermos bottle = vaccuum bottle = garrafa térmica // engarrafar; "the wine is then bottled"
bottom (n) / bottom (adj)1) fundo, parte mais baixa; sea bottom, river bottom; "he found the toy at the bottom of the box" / 2) traseiro, bunda // inferior, mais baixo (adj); bottom drawer = gaveta de baixo // bottom line = resultado final, lucro final (contabilidade) = the last line of a financial statement that shows the net profit or loss of a company or organization; "the bottom line is $120,000"
bound1) em direção a; com destino a; "the cruise ship was bound for New York" / outward bound = indo; homeward bound = vindo // 2) certo, destinado a; "it is bound to happen" "he is bound to go"
bound (to) / bound (n)pular, saltar, dar um salto = to jump, to leap, to spring, to skip; "he bounded out the door" / pulo, salto; "he reached her in a single bound"
boundarylimite, fronteira = border / boundary line = linha demarcatória / economic boundaries = fronteiras econômicas / legal boundaries; physical boundaries
bourgeoisburguês; classe média = middle class
bow / bow (to) [bau]1) qualquer objeto curvo; curva, laço; "she tied the ribbon in a bow" / 2) proa = the forward part of a ship (obs.: contrário é popa = stern) / 3) arco / bow and arrow = arco e flecha; "a hunter's bow is often made of flexible wood" // inclinar a cabeça, corpo em reverência, fazer reverência
bowels [bauâls]intestino, entranhas, vísceras
bowl [baul]tijela / fish bowl = aquário / fruit bowl = fruteira / sugar bowl = açucareiro
boxcaixa / cardboard box = caixa de papelão /strong box = caixa forte = safe / box office = guichê, bilheteria (teatro) = booking office
boy / boyfriendmenino / namorado
boycott / boycott (to)boicote // boicotar = to refuse to buy, use, or participate in (something) as a way of protesting
bracelet [breislet]pulseira
braces1) aparelho de dente (US) = dental appliances used to exert pressure to straighten misaligned teeth / 2) suspensórios (UK) = suspenders (US)
bracket1) colchete = one of two marks, [ or ], used in writing or printing / 2) faixa, intervalo = age bracket = faixa etária = age range; "she is taller than average for her age bracket"
braidtrança = plat (obs.: ponytail = rabo de cavalo / pigtail= maria-chiquinha)
brain / brainstormingcérebro // technique of solving problems and developing ideas
brakefreio
branch1) galho, ramo / 2) filial / 3) ramal (ferrovia)
brandmarca = make; "what brand of shoes do you buy?"; brand-new = novo em folha
brandyconhaque, aguardente
brave / braverycorajoso, valente = corageous / coragem, bravura
Brazil, brazilianBrasil, brasileiro
breach / breach (to)quebra (contrato, lei, violação, transgressão, falta de cumprimento = failure to act in a required or promised way / breach of contract = quebra de contrato / breach of trust = abuso de confiança, quebra de confiança / data breach = violação de dados, violação de privacidade / security breaches = violações de segurança // abrir brecha, romper, violar, transgredir
breadpão (substância); (obs.: loaf = a shaped or molded mass of bread) / loaf of bread = pão de forma; "the bakery offers a nice selection of breads and pastries" / slice of bread = fatia de pão / stick = bisnaga de pão
break (to); broke; broken / break / breakable1) quebrar, romper / to break down = a) quebrar, estragar, enguiçar / b) sofrer crise nervosa / c) decompor, dividir em categorias / to break into = arrombar, entrar (por arrombamento) / to break one's heart = magoar / to break tie = desempatar // 2) violar, quebrar (contrato, etc) / to break law, treaty, agreement, promise, contract = to breach / to break one's word = faltar com a palavra /// 1) quebra; fratura; avaria = breakage // 2) intervalo, interrupção / without a break = sem interrupção / coffee break = interrupção para café (reunião, palestra, etc) // 3) recreio (at school) // 4) fenda, vão; " the children slipped through a break in the fence" /// quebrável = easy to break; brittle
breakdown / breakdown (to)enguiço, avaria // enguiçar
breakeven
equilíbrio (entre receitas e despesas) / breakeven point = ponto de equilíbrio
breakfastcafé da manhã
breakthroughavanço significativo em tecnologia; importante descoberta; grande avanço = a sudden increase in knowledge, understanding, etc / breakthrough event = evento revolucionário; "a major breakthrough occurred = ocorreu um grande avanço"; "researchers say they have made a major breakthrough in cancer treatment"
breath / breathe (to)respiração / bad breath = mau hálito = foul breath / short of breath = falta de ar // respirar
breed (to); bred; bred / breed / breedingcriar (animais), procriar / to cross breed = cruzar raças // raça // criação (animais), cultivo (plantas) = the process of producing animals or plants by sexual reproduction
breezebrisa, aragem = wind or current of air, especially a light one; "a gentle breeze blew through the curtains"
brew (to) / brewery1) fermentar, fazer cerveja / 2) preparar chá = to prepare (tea, etc.) with boiling water "she brewed a pot of tea for us" // cervejaria, fábrica de cerveja // brewpub = pub que fabrica sua própria cerveja
bribe / bribe (to) / briberysuborno (algo dado como pagamento ilicito) = anything given as illicit payment " to give a bribe to ... " // subornar // ato de subornar; suborno
brick / bricklayertijolo / pedreiro = mason; "the bricklayer mixed the mortar and spread it over the bricks"
bridegroom / bridenoivo (na hora do casamento) = a newly married man or one about to be married / noiva (na hora do casamento) = a newly married woman or one about to be married
bridge / bridge (to)ponte / draw bridge = ponte levadiça / suspension bridge = ponte suspensa / floating bridge = ponte flutuante (Curaçao) // transpor; to bridge the gap = preencher a lacuna, fazer a ponte
brief (n) / brief (adj)resumo; sinopse = summary, synopsis, abstract // breve, curto, conciso = concise
briefcasepasta de couro para carregar documentos, papéis
briefinginstruções, informações = a meeting in which people are given instructions or information; "a press briefing"; "the captain gave his men a full briefing"; "on the basis of this briefing = com base nessas informações!
bright1) brilhante = clear, brilliant, reflecting light; "the sun is bright today" // 2) inteligente = intelligent, smart; "he is a very bright student"
brimbeira, borda (bowl, cup); aba (hat) = edge, rim, brink; to the brim = até a borda
bring (to); brought; broughttrazer / to bring forward = antecipar / to bring about = causar, motivar, provocar = to cause ; "changes in lifestyle brought about by technology" / to bring forth = produzir, dar à luz / to bring to = reanimar pessoa desmaiada = to come to / to bring to mind = recordar = to call to mind / to bring up = educar, criar
brinkbeira, borda = edge, brim, rim; on the brink of = à beira de
brisk / brisklyativo, enérgico, vigoroso, rápido = active, nimble, lively, busy, deft; "she walks with a brisk pace" // rapidamente, abruptamente
brittlefrágil, quebradiço = fragile, breakable
broadcast (to) / broadcastingdifundir; transmitir // difusão; transmissão / TV broadcast = transmissão de TV
broccolibrócolis
broker / brokeragecorretor // corretagem / brokerage house = corretora
brookriacho = creek, stream
broomvassoura; "witch's broom"
brother / brother-in-lawirmão / cunhado
browse (to) / browser1) navegar (Internet) // 2) folhear (livro, etc) = to skim through a book reading passages that catch the eye // 3) olhar sem comprar; dar uma olhada (loja, etc) = to glance goods // 4) pastar = to graze; "the deer were browsing in the meadows" // navegador (Internet)
brunchbrunch = a meal that serves as both breakfast and lunch
brushescova; hairbrush = escova de cabelo; toothbrush = escova de dente
bubblebolha; "the bubble burst"
buck1) animal macho = a male animal (obs.: doe = fêmea) // 2) dólar; "can't you lend me a few bucks till Saturday?"
bucketbalde = an open container with a handle that is used especially to hold and carry water and other liquids; pail
bucklefivela = metal clasp for fastening a belt or strap
bud / buddingbotão (flor) / em botão; em ascensão = in an early stage of development; "their eldest son is a budding writer"
buddyamigo, companheiro, camarada = close friend; "all his buddies showed up for the surprise party"
budget (n) / budget (adj)orçamento; "what's the average weekly budget for a family of five?", "he's been trying to live on a budget of less than $1,500 a month" / / federal budget deficit = déficit orçamentário união // econômico, barato, popular = cheap, economical, low-cost; budget prices = preços populares, pechincha / budget airline = low-cost airline
bufferqualquer coisa que serve para absorver choques; amortecedor; para-choque; área intermediária = any device that serves to absorb shock
bug1) inseto, besouro, escaravelho // 2) erro, defeito; falha = an error or fault esp in a computer or computer program // 3) grampo (aparelho de escuta) = a concealed microphone used for recording conversations, as in spying
build (to); built; built / buildingconstruir = to construct / to build up = fortalecer // edificio, construção / building material = material de construção
bulb1) bulbo; lâmpada elétrica; electric light bulb = lâmpada elétrica / 2) bulbo (planta); "tulip bulbs"
bulk / bulky1) volume, massa, tamanho = great weight, size, or mass; "a ship of great bulk" / / 2) corpanzil = a large or corpulent human body // 3) a maior parte; "we spent the bulk of the summer at the beach" / in bulk = a granel, em grande quantidade / in the bulk = por atacado /// volumoso
bulletbala (arma) / stray bullet = bala perdida = random shot
bulletin1) boletim; comunicado; circular / 2) publicação periódica = periodic journal / bulletin board = quadro de avisos
bumperpara-choque
bun1) pãozinho, pão doce = roll // 2) bunda, nádegas = buttocks, butt
bunchcacho; penca = cluster; a number of things of the same kind / bunch of grapes = cacho de uvas / bunch of keys = molho de chaves
bundlefardo, trouxa, feixe = a group of things fastened together for convenient handling; package / bundle of clothes = trouxa de roupas / bundle of twigs = feixe de lenha = bundle of sticks; bundle of wood
buoy (n) / buoy (to) / buoyantbóia; "boats must keep between the buoys when leaving harbour" // boiar, flutuar // 1) flutuante / 2) animado, alegre = cheerful
burden1) carga; peso; fardo = load; something heavy carried / 2) aflição; responsabilidade
bureau1) cômoda, escrivaninha // 2) escritório ou departamento do governo / census bureau = departamento de recenseamento (IBGE) / credit bureau = serviço de proteção ao crédito / information bureau = escritório de informações / weather bureau = serviço de meteorologia
bureaucracy / bureaucraticburocracia = red tape // burocrático; formal = formal; stiff
burglar / burglaryladrão, assaltante, arrombador / assalto, arrombamento
burst (to); burst; burst / burst (n)1) estourar, explodir = to explode, to bust / 2) irromper / to burst out crying = to burst into tears = desatar a chorar / to burst out laughing = cair na gargalhada // estouro; bubble burst = estouro da bolha
bury (to) / burialenterrar / enterro
busônibus / bus stop = parada de ônibus / trollleybus = ônibus elétrico
bush / bushfire1) arbusto, mato = a usually low shrub with many branches; shrub / 2) The Bush (Austrália) = interior (tudo que não está na cidade) = outback // incêndio florestal = an uncontrolled fire in the trees and bushes; forest fire
business / businessmannegócio, ramo de negócio / Business Administration / business case = estudo de caso / business cycles / business day = dia útil = week day / business trip / business address / business school professor / business partner = parceiro de negócio / business organization = empresa / business unit = unidade de negócio / core business = negócio principal de uma empresa / on business = a negócio // homem de negócios, empresário = executive, entrepreneur
bust / bust (to)1) explosão / 2) busto (escultura) / 3) boom and bust cycles = altos e baixos; ciclos de crescimento e queda // 1) explodir = to burst / 2) falir = to go bankrupt, to become bankrupt, to ruin financially = to go bust
busyocupado, atarefado / busy line = linha ocupada (telefone) / busy as a bee = muito ocupado
butcheraçougueiro / butcher's shop = açougue
butlermordomo = the chief male servant of a household; "the butler met us at the door"
butt1) bunda = buttocks, bun / 2) toco de cigarro, guimba / 3) coronha (revólver)
buttermanteiga / to spread butter = passar manteiga
butterflyborboleta
buttocksbunda = butt
buttonbotão
buy (to); bought; bought / buyercomprar / to buy up = comprar tudo, açambarcar / buying power = poder aquisitivo = purchasing power // comprador = purchaser
buzz (to) / buzz1) zumbir / 2) sussurrar // 1) zumbido / 2) sussurro
bypass / bypass (to)desvio = detour // 1) desviar, dar a volta = to detour around; "a road that bypasses a city" / 2) ignorar regulamentos